Plants need energy and matter to grow. Where do plants get their ENERGY?
Where do plants get their MATTER?
Where do plants get their FOOD (be careful - this is a trick question)?
Why are plants called Producers?
What would happen if plants didn't have a way to get energy?
What would happen to animals if there were no plants to eat?
What are some of the LIVING components of a plant "system"? (A plant "system" is everything that a plant needs to survive and everything it produces.)
What are some of the NON-LIVING components of a plant "system"?
In what ways do the components of the system interact?
What matter is transported in and out of the plant system?
Plants get their energy from the sun, because chlorophyll absorbs it and turns it into energy. They get it from the soil because the soil has nutrients inside of it, especially when it is watered.
Plants get their matter from the carbon dioxide that we breathe out. Without it, the plants cannot grow.
Plants get their food from the sun, but there is also nutrients in the soil to. The roots will suck it up and make it grow. But the sun is also their food.
Plants are called producers because they are at the very beginning of the food chain, so they produce it! Without producers, there would be no life on Earth!
If plants did not get energy, than it would shrivel up and die! No energy means that there is no way plants can produce food or oxygen, so most lifeforms would die out.
If there where no plants to eat, than every single food chain would be messed up! Some animals absolutely need plants to eat, so if they can't eat them, all the herbivores would die out. And then most of the carnivores would also die out because of the lack of food!
Some of the living components of a plant are leaves. The leaves help soak up the sun, so it is very important.
Some of the non living components are the dirt, and the water. The dirt makes sure that the roots of a plant can expand so it can grow. And the water gives the plant the power to make it's own nutrients.
All the components of a plant interact with each other. For example, the roots of a plant expand in the soil. And the carbon dioxide helps the plants grow! All these interactions are needed, and a plant would die without them.
The matter transported out of the plant is oxygen. We grow plants so that the entire world can survive and not suffocate!